Glossary

Browse through glands, hormones and endocrine conditions.
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Somatostatin

Somatostatin is a hormone that inhibits the secretion of several other hormones, including growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, cholecystokinin and insulin.

Secondary hyperparathyroidism

Secondary hyperparathyroidism is the release of too much parathyroid hormone resulting from a failure of one or more of the body's mechanisms that control levels of calcium in the blood.

Sheehan's syndrome

Sheehan's syndrome is a rare condition affecting the pituitary gland that occurs as a result of heavy bleeding during or after childbirth.

Somatostatinoma

Somatostatinomas are rare neuroendocrine tumours that arise from tumour cells originated from specialised hormone-producing cells in the endocrine pancreas and duodenum (first part of small intestine).

screening

the practice of checking a person at regular intervals for signs or genetic predisposition of a condition before any symptoms have developed.

scrotum

the sac of skin that lies outside the body in men, behind the penis, in which the testes sit.

secondary sexual characteristics

a set of physical changes to the body that occurs during puberty in boys (growth of facial, chest and pubic hair; enlargement of penis and testes) and girls (breast development; growth of underarm and pubic hair).

sodium

an essential salt found in the body, which is important in the transmission of electrical signals between nerve cells in the brain.

sporadic

describes an event that occurs randomly.

sternum

the chest bone.

stroke

sudden damage to brain cells caused by a lack of oxygen to the brain, usually by a blockage in the brain’s blood supply. Symptoms include drooping of one side of the face, lack of feeling in one arm, difficulty talking. Immediate treatment is needed.

subfertility

reduced levels of fertility in a man or woman, where some form of assisted reproductive therapy may be needed to conceive a child; equally, a natural conception may be possible but may take longer than average to achieve.

surrogate

a woman who agrees to carry the child of another couple through pregnancy.

systemic lupus erythematosus

a chronic autoimmune condition (where the body attacks itself) that causes damage to tissues throughout the body. Symptoms are variable and extensive.

Should I take a vitamin D supplement?

Vitamin D, the hormone in disguise, is currently in the spotlight as the world's favourite supplement, but is it really all it's cracked up to be?

Should we have the steroid Olympics?

Doping scandals are a regular feature in sporting events, but how do the hormones involved boost performance and why are they banned? Plus, a short history of doping.

Student Video Awards 2021

Bringing endocrinology to life

Student Video Awards 2020

Bringing endocrinology to life


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