Glossary

Browse through glands, hormones and endocrine conditions.
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i

in vitro fertilisation

(IVF) a form of assisted conception whereby a woman's eggs are extracted and fertilised by sperm outside the body. Conceived embryo(s) are then transferred back to the woman's womb where the hope is that pregnancy will occur.

islets of Langerhans

cells in the pancreas that detect changes in blood sugar levels. They produce hormones including insulin and glucagon.

intramuscular

into the muscle. Drugs are often administered intramuscularly by injection straight into the muscle.

inflammation

the body's reaction to tissue damage causing localised swelling, redness and warmth.

intravenous

when medication is given through a drip or by injection directly into the veins.

Insulinoma

An insulinoma is a type of tumour that occurs in the pancreas. The tumour secretes too much insulin, which causes blood sugar to drop to low levels.

Insulin

Insulin is an essential hormone produced by the pancreas. Its main role is to control glucose levels in our bodies.


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