Glossary

Browse through glands, hormones and endocrine conditions.
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Hormones of pregnancy and labour

This article describes hormones that play an important role in pregnancy and labour.

Human chorionic gonadotrophin

Human chorionic gonadotrophin is a reproductive hormone that is essential for establishing and maintaining early pregnancy.

Hormones and conservation

The study of animal reproductive systems and regular monitoring of reproductive and stress hormones is important for conservation. By measuring hormones in animals we can learn about the basic reproductive biology of threatened or endangered wildlife spec

Hashimoto's disease

Hashimoto's disease is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation of the thyroid gland and results in a reduction in thyroid hormone levels.

Hypoparathyroidism

Hypoparathyroidism is a rare condition in which not enough parathyroid hormone is produced by the parathyroid glands, resulting in low calcium levels in the bloodstream.

Hypophosphataemia

Hypophosphataemia is the term used to describe low levels of phosphate in the blood. It is most commonly caused by hyperparathyroidism and vitamin D deficiency.

Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism is a common condition where the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone.

Hypopituitarism

Hypopituitarism is the failure of production of one or more hormones from the pituitary gland.

Hypercalcaemia

Hypercalcaemia is the presence of abnormally high calcium levels in the blood.

Hypothyroidism

Hypothyroidism is a condition that develops when the thyroid gland is unable to produce enough thyroid hormones.

Hypocalcaemia

Hypocalcaemia refers to low calcium levels in the blood. It is most commonly caused by either vitamin D deficiency or diseases of the parathyroid glands.

Hyponatraemia

Hyponatraemia means abnormally low levels of sodium (salt) in the bloodstream or a deficiency of sodium in the body.

Hypothalamus

The hypothalamus is a part of the brain that has a vital role in controlling many bodily functions including the release of hormones from the pituitary gland.

hypertension

high blood pressure.

hysterectomy

an operation to remove a woman's womb and ovaries, resulting in the menopause. A partial hysterectomy can be performed where the ovaries are preserved, which does not result in the menopause.

Hirsutism

Hirsutism is the presence of excess hair growth in women and is commonly caused by an imbalance of hormones.


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